What Is Linguistic Discrimination?

Added: 03-26-2019

This video explains the concept of linguistic discrimination, arguing that people with different dialects of English don’t have a different level of intelligence than those speaking “standard English.” Dennis discusses the validity in non-native English dialects and African American Vernacular English. Nobody speaks a single perfect form of English, which has been heavily evolved and modified over time.

Anglo-American English discrimination African American Vernacular English (AAVE) language linguistics accent sociolinguistics code switching descriptive linguistics dialect nonstandard English Norman-French prescriptive linguistics linguicism

Type Reading Time Author Date Source
video 6 minutes RILEY J. DENNIS 01-31-2016 https://web.archive.org/
Type Reading Time
video 6 minutes
Author Date
riley j. dennis 2019-03-26 00:00:00 UTC
Source
https://web.archive.org/
Image by gerd altmann from pixabay question 2415065 1920
Key Takeaways
  • Linguistic discrimination is discrimination based on accents or dialects, whereby people make assumptions about other’s intelligence, socioeconomic status or other characteristics based on their accents and dialect, even though these factors are not determinants of someone’s character. 
  • One’s version of English is no more valid than anybody else’s version of English. 
  • Accents and forms of speech have always evolved and will continue to do so therefore you cannot assume that the way the current ‘standard English’ is spoken, is, has been, and will always be, the inherently correct way.
Summary
In this video, Riley J. Dennis discusses discrimination based on dialect known as ‘linguistic discrimination’ or ‘linguicism.’ One way that linguistic discrimination occurs is when non-native English dialects - as opposed to ‘standard English’ - are associated with lower intelligence, such as the stereotypes held against English speakers with a Mexican accent. Dennis argues that non-native dialects are equally as valid as, and not a threat to, standard English because:
  1.  Current standard English is nothing like standard English in the past. If people really want to speak original English, they would have to reverts back to when the Norman-French had not invaded England yet. 
  2. India, Pakistan and Nigeria each have a larger English speaking population than the population of either the United Kingdom (UK), Australian or New Zealand. 

Another way linguistic discrimination occurs is when African American Vernacular English (AAVE), also called Black Vernacular English (BVE), is considered a lower and more unintelligent form of English. However, not only are there rules and structures in AAVE, it adheres more to older English than standard English, which has always been imposed by the ruling class. She gives the example of the term ‘ask’, pronounced as ‘aks’ in AAVE, which is how it used to be pronounced in middle English. 

Lastly, she describes the concepts of prescriptive linguistics, where there is always a right and wrong way to speech; descriptive linguistics, where all ‘everyday language’ is considered correct; and code switching, where people’s dialect slightly alters based on their social situation such as speaking to a boss versus a friend. Therefore, no English speaker speaks a single ‘perfect’ form of English. 

Dennis concludes with the fact that, we all speak a heavily modified English and there is nothing wrong with the type of English accent we are raised with.

Notes

This video is no longer available on YouTube; original URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxkOzNCqAsM